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With a __________ common among those to whom short-term fixes are expedient, Senator Noah Julian refused to consider a complete overhaul of the election funding issue.






Correct answer

B The context clue that the senator finds short-term fixes expedient suggests myopia, which means near-sightedness or short-sightedness. The other choices don’t make sense in the sentence.

Select an option

Settling into what he thought would be cosmopolitan suburban community, Seth was confounded by the __________ of his neighbors.






Correct answer

C The phrase what he thought would be cosmopolitan suggests that the community wasn’t what Seth expected. Insular (narrow-minded or concerned only with local matters) is the opposite of cosmopolitan (sophisticated, broad in outlook, international in scope). The other choices don’t follow the logic of the sentence.

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What is the author’s primary purpose of the passage?






Correct answer

C The author’s primary purpose is to discuss the design of the memorial and to explain the response of the American public. Choice A isn’t discussed in the passage. Choice B is inaccurate; no proposition is mentioned. Choice D is wrong because the judges aren’t critiqued in the passage. Choice E is too general and inaccurate.

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What details in the narrative suggest that it was possible to fulfill the requirement that the monument express no political view of the war?






Correct answer

C Having all the names of those who died carved into the wall conveys a nonpolitical recognition of service. Choices A, B, D, and E all express political positions.

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According to the passage, what role does reli-gion play in Tennyson’s poetry?






Correct answer

C According to the passage, Tennyson infused his poetry with his religious beliefs and his love of nature. Choice A is incorrect; it’s too extreme because the passage doesn’t state that Tennyson was piously devotional. Choices B and D are contradicted by the information in the passage. Choice E is irrelevant.

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It can be inferred from the passage that the author regards Tennyson as which of the fol-lowing? Consider each of the three choices and select all that apply.




Correct answer

A, B, C All the statements can be inferred from the information in the passage.

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The author of the passage would probably consider which of the following to be similar to the paradigm he describes?






Correct answer

D The paradigm or model set up in the passage is one of traditions being handed down from generation to generation, year after year. The tradition of ritual face-painting best fits this paradigm. Choice A deviates from the paradigm. Choice B is somewhat irrelevant and somewhat contradictory. Choice C is antithetical to the paradigm. Choice E is completely irrelevant.

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The art world rejects the much-touted youth-ful artist, finding that her _______ work lacks the maturity for serious consideration.







Correct answer

A, C «Lacks maturity» is the clue that the youthful artist is puerile or jejune (childish or immature). None of the other choices fits the context.

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Rejoinders at the open debate quickly became rancorous; each candidate resorted to ______ to malign the opposition.







Correct answer

A, F «Rancorous» and «malign» are the clues that the candidates resorted to aspersion or calumny (slander).

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The passage provides information about all of the following except:






Correct answer

E The passage alludes to the boy’s body as a «harp,» but he never says he plays an instrument. All the other choices are contained in the passage. The market is open on Saturdays; pigs’ cheeks are sold in the market; the street-singers sing ballads; and the boy carries parcels for his aunt.

Select an option

Long touted as the epitome of beaux-arts architecture, the garishly elaborate decora-tions in the restored mansion of the former dictator struck Ella and her colleagues from the design studio as more than palatial.







Correct answer

A, C «Garishly elaborate decorations» is the clue to meretricious (superficially attractive in a vulgar manner) or ostentatious (marked by a vulgar display of wealth).

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Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the author’s main point?






Correct answer

B The author’s main point is that most outstanding reformers have suffered during their lifetimes, only to be honored after their deaths. Choice B, an example of a woman honored during her lifetime, undermines the author’s premise. None of the other choices counters the author’s main point.

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In this passage, what does the narrator undergo? Consider each of the three choices and select all that apply.




Correct answer

A, B The quasi-religious nature of the experience is suggested by all the allusions to religion: «litanies,» «chalice,» «prayers,» «adoration.» The boy imagines himself a hero as he «bore his chalice safely through a throng of foes.» Choice C is incorrect because it is directly contradicted by the penultimate sentence: «I did not know whether I would ever speak to her or not or, if I spoke to her, how I could tell her of my confused adoration.»

Select an option

In the second sentence of the passage, real most nearly means:






Correct answer

B In the context of the passage, real means actual. The passage suggests that her life story has been misrepresented so much that the «real/actual» woman remains unknown. None of the other choices fits the context as well as actual.

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How much longer, in feet, is the stopping dis-tance for a car traveling at 60 mph than for one traveling at 40 mph?






Correct answer

D The stopping distance for a car traveling at 60 mph is 66 + 185 = 251 feet. The stopping distance for a car traveling at 40 mph is 44 + 82 = 126 feet. The difference is 251 — 126 = 125 feet.

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If total stopping distance for a car traveling at 50 mph is expressed as a rate in feet per mile per hour, the rate will be how many feet per mile per hour?






Correct answer

D The stopping distance for a car traveling at 50 mph is 1.1×50 + 128 = 55 + 128 = 183 feet. Divide that by 50 to get a rate of 3.66.

Select an option

Based on the information given, choose all the true statements below.




Correct answer

A, B The stopping distances are 43 feet at 20 mph, 80 feet at 30 mph, 126 feet at 40 mph, 183 feet at 50 mph, and 251 feet at 60 mph. 126 is more than 2×43, 183 is more than 2×80, but 251 is less than 2×126.

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AXYZ is isosceles with XY .— YZ. If mL Y = 36°, what is the measure of LX?






Correct answer

D If AXYZ is isosceles with XY YZ, L Y is the vertex angle. If mL Y = 36°, then each of the congruent base angles

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If x|y —3|
< 0, choose all the true statements.






Correct answer

A, E The absolute value of any expression behaves as a positive, so the fact that xly — 31< 0 tells you that x < 0. You can’t make a determination about y, except to say that it isn’t equal to 3. If y were equal to 3, the product would be 0.

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A shoe store routinely sells shoes for 50% more than its cost. At the end of each season, it clears out the remaining stock by selling it at 10% below cost. If a pair of shoes regularly sold for $75, what would you pay for them at the end-of-season sale?






Correct answer

C The regular price of $75 is 150% of cost, so cost is $75 — 1.50 = $50. At the end of the season, it will sell for 90% of cost, or 0.90×50 = $45.

Select an option

As the _______ strains of the dirge filled the concert hall, many in the audience were reminded of the recent passing of the preemi-nent conductor who so often had graced the podium.







Correct answer

B, D A dirge is a funeral song or hymn, which suggests lugubrious or plaintive (gloomy or mournful) strains.

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