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Studies have shown that companies that present seminars on workplace safety to their employees actually have higher rates of workplace accidents than companies that do not present such seminars to their employees. Despite this finding, it is still in the best interests of companies and their employees for companies to present these seminars.

Which of the following, if true, provides the strongest support for the argument that the companies should continue to present these seminars?






Correct answer

A To strengthen the argument, the answer must refute the apparent connection between workplace safety seminars and higher rates of accidents; answer A provides a plausible explanation for this phenomenon.

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For hundreds of years, pearl divers have gathered pearls directly from mollusks on the sea floor. This is an extremely risky profession, exposing the divers to risks of drowning, air embolism, and shark attacks. Still, as long as society demands authentic cultured pearls, these brave divers must continue to risk their lives.

Which of the following statements, if true, most seriously weakens the conclusion above?






Correct answer

C This answer provides an alternative means by which society can obtain cultured pearls without exposing divers to risk.

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An electronic company’s two divisions showed consistent performance over the last two years. In each year, the audiovisual department accounted for roughly 30 percent of the company’s sales and 70 percent of the company’s profits over the period, while „âthe home appliance division accounted for the balance.

Which of the following statements regarding the last two years can be inferred from the statement above?






Correct answer

C This answer provides an alternative means by which society can obtain cultured pearls without exposing divers to risk.

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Gastric bypass surgery has been shown to be effective at helping extremely obese people lose weight. Some patients have lost as much as 300 pounds after undergoing the surgery, thereby substantially prolonging their lives. Despite the success of the treatment, most doctors have not embraced the surgery as a weight loss option.

Which of the following statements, if true, best accounts for the lukewarm reaction of the medical community to gastric bypass surgery?






Correct answer

A This answer provides a substantial reason—the operation’s risk of serious complications and death—for doctors to refrain from recommending the gastric bypass surgery.

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This passage is primarily interested in which of the following?






Correct answer

B The introductory paragraph brings up the subject of the factors that brought the Golden Age to an end, and the next three paragraphs discuss these factors.

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According to the passage, which of the following was true of the creators of superhero comic books in the postwar years?






Correct answer

E The passage states, "The creators of superhero comic books, not wanting to be left behind, responded by matching their protagonists against darker criminals in m

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According to the passage, what can we infer to be the central message of Fredric Wertham’s The Seduction of the Innocent?






Correct answer

C The sentence preceding the mention of Wertham’s book states that he believed that comic books «were leading the nation’s youth into crime, violence, and drug abuse.»

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According to the final paragraph of the passage, what may we infer about the comic book companies of the Silver Age?






Correct answer

A The last paragraph states that the CCA regulations had a numbing effect on comic book publishers, but it concludes with the statement that the industry recovered in the Silver Age. Since the passage did not state that the CCA regulations were repealed, we can infer that the companies succeeded despite the regulations.

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In what light does the passage depict the efforts by Fredric Wertham to bring about regulation of the comic book industry?






Correct answer

D The passage describes the trend toward horror comics in neutral terms, and it states that horror comics «aroused the anger» of Wertham.

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According to the passage, which of the following statements can be made about the content of Weird Tales and The Crypt of Terror?






Correct answer

B The second paragraph states: «When these soldiers came home, they still wanted to read comic books, but they sought out more adult content. William Gaines of EC Comics was happy to meet the market demand with such grim and gritty titles as Weird Fantasy and The Crypt of Terror.»

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The way in which the mighty blue whale and the other baleen whales—the finback, gray, humpback, and right whales—eats was discovered by careful observation by biologists.






Correct answer

B The two subject-verb phrases in question here are «The way … was discovered» and «whales … eat»; only B and E present these verb forms properly. The construction «discovered resulting from» in E is awkward and unidiomatic; B is the best answer.

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The eighteenth-century author Jonathan Swift once suggested in a satiric essay Irish farmers could eat their children to address the twin problems of overpopulation and lack of food.






Correct answer

D A and C fail to conform to the idiomatic construction «{subject} suggested that …»; B is awkward and is weakened by its use of the passive voice. In E, it is unclear that «twin problems» necessarily refers to overpopulation and lack of food. D is the clearest statement.

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The stock market collapse of 1929 had far-reaching consequences for the national economy, causing a nationwide collapse in home values, putting millions out of work, and by erasing the investment savings of one-fifth of the population.






Correct answer

B To maintain a parallel structure with «causing» and «putting,» the verb in the final clause should be «erasing» without «by»; the presence of «by» in the phrase does not make sense with the rest of the sentence. B is the clearest and most idiomatic choice.

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No less remarkable than the invention of nuclear power has been the way the technology has prompted governments to reevaluate the nature of international relations.






Correct answer

A A is grammatically correct and idiomatic, and it is stylistically preferable to the other choices.

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Unlike the recognition of ethical lapses in others, many people are disinclined to perceive the same flaws in themselves.






Correct answer

C A and B incorrectly compare «people» with «recognition» and «perception,» respectively. In D, it is unclear what «the same flaws» is referring to. The construction «many people in themselves» in E is unidiomatic. C is the best answer.

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The Elk City garbage dumps are so full that Elk City has been forced to pay a large sum to Caribou City to accept much of Elk City’s garbage. The Elk City mayor has proposed paying for this garbage relocation by imposing a tax on manufacturing businesses in Elk City. MegaCorp, the largest manufacturing business in the area, protests that this tax is unfair because businesses should not have to pay for a garbage problem that has been created by homeowners.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens MegaCorp’s argument?






Correct answer

D If MegaCorp produces the majority of the waste that goes into the overfull garbage dumps, the company cannot validly claim that the problem was «created by homeowners.»

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There are Congressmen who say that the development of a space-based missile defense system will provide economic benefits only to military contractors. This claim is not true. A space-based missile defense system, even if it has no current applications for civilian businesses, will still benefit civilian businesses because those businesses will be able to find profitable uses for the government-developed technology in the future.

Which of the following statements, if true, provides the most support for the argument that a space-based missile defense system could provide future economic benefits for civilian businesses?






Correct answer

A The example given demonstrates that a past technology developed by the government that did not have immediate civilian economic applications was later adapted to provide important economic benefits.

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The commissioner of a professional sports league dictated that teams could not put players on the field who had a greater than 20 percent chance of suffering a career-ending spinal injury during competition. The commissioner justified this decision as a way to protect players from injury while protecting the league from lawsuits.

Which of the following, if true, would most undermine the effectiveness of the commissioner’s new policy?






Correct answer

A The example given demonstrates that a past technology developed by the government that did not have immediate civilian economic applications was later adapted to provide important economic benefits.

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There are few things worse for a new parent than listening to a baby scream in hunger while a bottle of formula slowly warms up in a bowl of hot water. So why not just pop the bottle in the microwave and zap it in 20 seconds? Because microwaves heat fluids unevenly, and a hot pocket in the formula could seriously injure the baby.

Which of the following is presupposed in the argument against heating formula in the microwave?






Correct answer

D If parents could be expected to consistently even out the temperature of microwaved bottles, then the concern about hot pockets in the bottle would be unfounded.

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Charlie’s Chainsaw Company has reason to believe that one of its models of saw is defective. A recall of all of the saws would cost more than $5 million, and would probably result in a loss in market share over the next quarter because of bad publicity. Still, a recall is the right economic decision.

Which of the following, if true, most supports the conclusion above?






Correct answer

E Answer E suggests that the company has a justifiable concern that if the product is not recalled, the company could be involved in a damaging lawsuit that could even lead the company into bankruptcy; this concern provides a strong economic incentive to recall the chainsaws. Answer A could be correct if the passage referred to a «moral decision» or just «the right decision,» but since the passage specifically refers to an «economic decision,» answer E is the best choice.

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A dog enthusiast took home two puppies from the dog shelter. He fed one of the puppies super-premium canned dog food, while he fed the other a generic brand from the grocery store. The dog fed on the generic brand gained weight twice as fast as the dog fed the super-premium brand. Because of the difference in these results, the dog enthusiast concluded that the generic brand actually provided nutrition superior to that of the super-premium brand.

Each of the following, if true, would weaken the evidence for the dog enthusiast’s conclusion except for which of the following?






Correct answer

C All of the other answers provide alternative reasons that the dogs might show different growth rates, but C offers no explanation for the observed difference in growth.

Select an option